Tuesday, June 19, 2007


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10. Angels Don’t Play This HAARP [171]

Between August and September 1958, the US Navy exploded three fission type nuclear bombs 480 km above the South Atlantic Ocean, in the part of the lower Van Allen Belt, closest to the earth’s surface. In addition, two hydrogen bombs were detonated 160 km over Johnston Island in the Pacific. The military called this “the biggest scientific experiment ever undertaken.”

Designed by the US Department of Defense and the US Atomic Energy Commission, and code named “Project Argus,” this gigantic experiment created new (inner) magnetic radiation belts encompassing almost the whole earth, and injected sufficient electrons and other energetic particles into the ionosphere to cause worldwide effects. The electrons traveled back and forth along magnetic force lines, causing an artificial “aurora” when striking the atmosphere near the North Pole. [172]

These pioneering experiments were the first of many – some of which are ongoing today – some of which I have already mentioned, but many which I have not, that were involved with ENMOD research, development, test and deployment. These programs included:

  • Project Cirrus (1947)

  • Central Arizona Project

  • Project Dallas

  • Project Climax

  • Project Cloud Physics

  • Project Flatlands

  • Project Argus (1958)

  • Project Skyfire (1960s)

  • Project Starfish (1962)

  • Project Skywater (1966)

  • Project SCUD

  • Project Thunderstorm

  • Project Rapid (1966-1968)

  • Project Stormfury (1961 to 1983)

  • Project Cloudcatcher (1969-1970)

  • SPS: Solar Power Satellite Project (1968)

  • Project Popeye (1960s and 1970s)

  • Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP)

  • Saturn V Rocket (1975)

  • SPS Military Implications (1978)

  • Orbit Maneuvering System (1981)

  • Innovative Shuttle Experiments (1985 to present)

  • Mighty Oaks (1986)

  • Desert Storm (1991)

  • Poker Flat Rocket Launch (1968 to present)

  • High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, HAARP (1993 to present)

The details of many of these are readily available. Note that the Air Forces’ Project Stormfury continued in ENMOD pursuits for five years subsequent to the U.S. ratification of the 1977 International ENMOD treaty.

Perhaps the most comprehensively documented of the above programs – at least in the unclassified literature -- is the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program – HAARP – investigated in detail and documented in the book Angels Don’t Play This HAARP. This huge experiment being conducted in Alaska uses very large arrays of transmitters and receivers to generate energy beamed into the upper atmosphere. (The research will be briefly summarized here.) According to authors Nick Begich and Jeane Manning:

In 1994 the Air Force revealed its Spacecast 2020 master plan, which includes weather control. Scientists have experimented with weather control since the 1940s, but Spacecast 2020 notes: “using environmental modification techniques to destroy, damage or injure another state are prohibited.” Having said that, the Air Force claimed that advances in technology “compels a reexamination of this sensitive and potentially risky topic.” [173]

According to Dr. Rosalie Bertell, the U.S. Military’s first target under the HAARP program is the electrojet: a river of electricity that flows thousands of miles through the sky and down into the polar icecap. The electrojet will become a vibrating artificial antenna for sending electromagnetic radiation raining down on the earth. The U.S. military can then “X-ray” the earth and talk to submarines. [174]

No surprise, by the way, aerospace systems are some of the most disruptive agents leading to global climatic mayhem. Says Bertell:

“During the 1980s, rocket launches globally numbered about 500 to 600 a year, peaking at 1500 in 1989. There were many more during the Gulf War. The Shuttle is the largest of the solid fuel rockets, with twin 45-meter boosters. All solid fuel rockets release large amounts of hydrochloric acid in their exhaust, each Shuttle flight injecting about 75 tons of ozone destroying chlorine into the stratosphere. Those launched since 1992 inject even more ozone-destroying chlorine, about 187 tons, into the stratosphere (which contains the ozone layer). [175]

In researching Angels Don’t Play This HAARP, the authors discovered numerous patents associated with the HAARP program for nuclear weapons, atmospheric disturbances and, of course, weather (ENMOD) weaponry. Many of these were originally controlled by ARCO Power Technologies Incorporated (APTI), a subsidiary of Atlantic Richfield Company, one of the biggest oil companies in the world. APTI was the contractor that built the HAARP facility. ARCO sold this subsidiary, the patents and the second phase construction contract to E-Systems in June 1994. [176]

Bernard J. Eastlund’s U.S. Patent # 4,686,605, "Method and Apparatus for Altering a Region in the Earth’s Atmosphere, Ionosphere, and/or Magnetosphere" was sealed for a year under a government Secrecy Order. The Eastlund ionospheric heater was different: the radio frequency (RF) radiation was concentrated and focused to a point in the ionosphere. This difference throws an unprecedented amount of energy into the ionosphere. This huge difference could lift and change the ionosphere in the ways necessary to create futuristic effects described in the patent. [177]

“Weather modification is possible by, for example, altering upper atmosphere wind patterns by constructing one or more plumes of atmospheric particles which will act as a lens or focusing device. ... molecular modifications of the atmosphere can take place so that positive environmental effects can be achieved. Besides actually changing the molecular composition of an atmospheric region, a particular molecule or molecules can be chosen for increased presence. [178]

In light of the conclusive evidence of weather warfare capabilities outlined above it is instructive to revisit the recent statements by USAF Major Barry B. Coble and USAF Director of Weather Brig. General Fred Lewis – both previously cited herein:

DOD funding for weather modification research peaked at $2.8 million in 1977. Funding was eliminated in 1979. Since then there has been no active research effort into weather modification by DOD. The Air Force spends no money on research, and there is no effort to monitor civilian research, applications and advancements. The Army’s program, “Owning the Weather for the Battlefield,” deals only with incorporating weather information into the digitized battlefield of the future. Efforts to modify the weather for battle are not being pursued . (Coble)

And, of course, were we similarly inclined to trust what we have been told, Lee Harvey Oswald, a lone gunman, assassinated John F. Kennedy.

11. Contrails – God Bless America.

Early efforts at ENMOD operations using the exhaust streams of jet engines in flight to disperse cloud-seeding agents were briefly described in section 2 above. To begin this section readers should begin by noting that the Air Force 2025 document outlines ENMOD operations based on disbursement of substances through jet engine afterburners. [179]

Naturally, as with the military’s “interests” in ionospheric modification programs (HAARP) for military communications benefits, we are again told here that “no known military applications of this technology have been realized.” [180] What is more alarming however is the evidence that the agents being dispersed by these methods are not at all ‘safe” as described above.

This ENMOD subject area, euphemistically known as CONTRAILS – for condensation trails – but more appropriately dubbed CHEMTRAILS – for chemical trails -- has become a major area of public inquiry and alarm, as evidenced by the range of critiques and analyses posted on the Internet, the citizens groups taking action against it, and the petitions to the U.S. Congress calling for a full scale investigation.

  • CONTRAILS: Contrails or condensation trails form above 33,000 feet when hot engine exhaust momentarily condenses ice crystals into pencil-thin vapor trails that quickly vanish like the wake behind a boat, according to the U.S. Air Force.
  • CHEMTRAILS: Chemtrails or chemical trails look like contrails, but are much thicker. Instead of quickly dissipating, chemtrails proliferate for hours, difusing into the air and joining together to form a thin, white veil that persists all day.

According to a large citizen’s research group: since 1998, U.S. Air Force tanker planes have been intensively spraying broad white plumes over virtually every major city and rural areas in the U.S. and Canada. Chemtrail spray planes have also been sighted over England, Europe, Australia, Mexico, Bahamas, Brazil, Croatia and Puerto Rico. Thousands of eyewitnesses -- including pilots, police officers and military personnel -- report seeing up to eight or more tankers laying chemtrails in X-patterns, parallel rows, tic-tac-toe or cross-hatched lines. [181]

According to ENMOD expert and author Dr. Rosalie Bertell, “I am absolutely certain that chemtrails are happening.” [182]

Notes author Bob Fitrakis:

“U.S. patent number 6315213…is described as a method of modifying the weather and should concern the public. A scientist from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base acknowledges that planes are spraying barium salt, polymer fibers [read: plastics], aluminum oxide and other chemicals in the atmosphere to both modify the weather and for military communications purposes.” [183]

As an aside to the main theme of this writing, we can be reasonably assured that at least some of the UFO sightings reported throughout the 1950s and 1960s were due to secret aerospace and intelligence programs, including psychological operations (Psyops) by the intelligence community. As noted in the above paragraph, the CIA and DIA have admitted to fabricating reports of UFO sightings in order to mask the very real sightings of futuristic aerospace technologies. This can be easily understood in the context of secret aerospace research and development programs needing to test prototypes of top secret airborne weapons and platforms while simultaneously needing to deter and deny any public knowledge of their existence. Such platforms certainly included the single Nazi prototype of the Go 229 V3 flying wing; the CIA’s secret “assets” the Helio Courier; the early experimental prototypes of UAVs; and other weapons and intelligence “assets” which have yet to emerge from black programs of the defense establishment. It is likely that some of the disc-shaped objects reported as UFOs were/are the aerospace test-beds for anti-gravity propulsion systems – developed and tested at Groom Lake.

As for the CIA’s Project MK-ULTRA, this secret program born in the “50s went far beyond “mind-control experiments using LSD.” Unaware that there were guinea pigs for the CIA, and sometimes forcibly held against their will, subjects were given a ‘sleep cocktail” of varying doses of Thorazine, Nembutal, Seconal, Veronal and Phenergan, and then subjected to 150 volts of electroshock for periods twenty to ninety times longer than normally applied by physicians, two to three times a day for fifteen to thirty days, and sometimes as long as sixty-five days. [184]

The CIA was interested in creating a blank mind that could be reprogrammed. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the sensory deprivation MK-ULTRA research, and the program continued for 20 years, involving over 750 subjects. Nelson Rockefeller and CIA Technical Services Director Dr. Sidney Gottlieb were intimately involved; the program was shielded behind the National Institute for Health. [185] As President Eisenhower’s special representative to the Special Planning Coordination Group – the NSC ‘special Group” charged with covert operations – Rockefeller also had oversight responsibilities for the CIA’s development of its clandestine aviation capabilities. The formal U.S. “national security” doctrine of “plausible deniability” was born under President Eisenhower and Nelson Rockefeller and the ‘special Group”. [186]

It is curious to note that right-wing apologists for the permanent warfare economy often seek to deflect attention from legitimate issues and government activities like black programs, covert operations, assassinations, CIA drug-running operations, mind-control experiments and similar realities, by labeling them as “conspiracy theories” and then ridiculing those who attempt to bring such very real programs and activities to light as “conspiracy theorists”. In this vein, the specter of “black helicopters” is often thrown up as some sort of outrageous product of the conspiracy theorist’s imagination – entities having no basis in fact.

On the contrary, black helicopters are very real -- products of Sikorsky, United Technologies and others – and the deployment of these black helicopters in operations designed to perpetuate terror are equally real. Two examples of U.S.-supported terrorist operations using black helicopters procured from the U.S. warmaking establishment come quickly to mind: [1] black helicopters have been deployed under Plan Columbia, where innocent men, women and children in Columbia are suffering under U.S. led military operations perpetuated in the interests of oil, drugs and money-laundering; and [2] black helicopters have been used by the government of Sarawak, Malaysia, to terrorize indigenous people who have blockaded roads to stop the indiscriminate pillage of their traditional lands, the logging of tropical forests in particular, and the concomitant genocide of the indigenous people. [187]

12. The Revolving Doors of Secrecy and Denial.

It is interesting to note the extended connections between so-called “civilian” university research programs, their graduates, and the institutions of secrecy where ENMOD and weather warfare technologies are most likely – and, it seems, certainly -- under development.

A major player at least peripherally, if not totally, involved in the secret arena of ENMOD warfare technology research, development and deployment is Science Applications International Corporation – SAIC -- the original developer of Department of Defense information technologies like Arpanet – the military precursor to the Internet. UCLA Professor Mario Gerla developed the communications structure for the Multimedia Intelligent Network of Unattended Mobile Agents, or Minuteman project, described above (Section 5): Dr. Gerla worked for the US government on the Arpanet. [188] As noted above, computational superiority – the Internet and other supercomputing and information technologies – is a turnkey technology for ENMOD realization.

Raytheon Corporation and GE Aerospace are both major players and both have had major collaborative programs with the University of Massachusetts Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE). In the 1980s both corporations hired and then funded U-Mass ECE graduate students who went on to work for them. The GE / U-Mass Microwave Master’s Engineering Program was one such collaboration, discontinued by the early 1990s. [189] The Raytheon collaboration continues, and Raytheon currently employs numerous former ECE and MIRSL (Microwave Remote Sensing Laboratory) Master’s and Ph.D. graduate students.

D irectors of Raytheon Corporation (2002) include John Deutch, also an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a former Deputy Secretary of Defense (under Clinton) and Director of Intelligence at the CIA (circa 1996). John Deutch is also a director of Cummins Engine Company, closely aligned with General Dynamics, Boeing, Lockheed, and the media giant Gannett Company. He is also a past paid consultant to Martin Marietta. [191] The Gannett media conglomerate shares directors with Lockheed McCorkindale), and Cummins engine (James A. Johnson).

It is important to note that John H. Tilelli was also General, U.S. Army, Commander in Korea, and that South Korea has major ongoing ENMOD programs certainly developed under U.S. military tutelage. These Korean ENMOD programs include:

  • Multipurpose Stratospheric Long-Endurance Airship Development Project
    • Cost: 175 billion Korean won
    • Duration 12/2000 to 09/2007
  • Long-Endurance Unmanned Basic Technology Study
    • Cost: 4 billion Korean won
    • Duration: 01/2000 to 12/2004

Following other programs underway in China and Japan (since 1998), the Korea programs are integral to aerospace warfighting, weather-making and C3IST/R capabilities. These efforts are a collaboration of the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and -- it should be no surprise to learn -- the Office of Naval Research. [192] KARI is also behind the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT) program -- a series of multipurpose satellites (first one launched 1999) for “earth resources sensing and scientific experiments.” Supporting KOMPSAT is TRW. [193]

Recall that GE Research Labs at Schenectady pioneered early weather modification experiments through Project Cirrus in the 1940s. GE Aerospace Electronics Laboratory, Syracuse, (NY), was heavily involved in research and design of beyond state-of-the-art technologies for aerospace radar, communications, EW, C4ISR, C4IST and SATCOM (satellite communications) applications. Major programs pursued through the 1980s supported larger GE in-house contracts and industry partnerships (e.g. Hughes, Boeing, Lockheed) contracts on SBR (Space-Based Radar), DMSP and MILSTAR satellite constellations, and other defense programs. (Hughes Space and Communications Company is a leading satellite supplier for NASA and U.S. DOD.) A major thrust of the laboratory was the development of GaAs (gallium arsenide) integrated circuits to enable planned Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) sensors and weapons technologies. The Electronics Laboratory was involved in numerous highly restricted classified programs. It was one of the many GE Aerospace assets purchased by Lockheed-Martin in the early 1990s.

A company called Prosensing Inc., (Amherst, MA), was created by a Ph.D. graduate of the MIRSL programs; other MIRSL graduates retain key Prosensing management and research positions. Prosensing recently (circa 2001) merged with another local company called Quadrant Engineering. University of Massachusetts MIRSL Professors Calvin T. Swift and Robert E. Macintosh (d. 1997) founded Quadrant Engineering in 1981. [194] Quadrant and Prosensing work with numerous Department of Defense contractors, including the Office of Naval Research (ONR); Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) at Hanscom AFB (MA); NASA and NOAH.

At least one Ph. D. candidate currently enrolled in the MIRSL programs has a NATO Secret security clearance. [195] Access to some University of Massachusetts buildings – including the building housings the offices of professors – requires card keys. Several graduate students now work with Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Labs – also involved in highly classified space and defense programs. At least one MIRSL Ph. D. graduate is now employed by SAIC – again, one of the most secretive institutions of the National Security apparatus.

SAIC has ongoing collaborations with Bechtel – another of the world’s most secretive aerospace technology, energy infrastructure and defense contractors, and one with ties to the intelligence community at the highest and deepest levels. [196] SAIC works closely with DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency -- the granting agency behind HAARP and many other secretive advanced research and development programs. [197]

SAIC directors include: U.S. Navy Admiral B.R. Inman (Ret.); U.S. Army General W.A. Downing (Ret.); and U.S. Air Force General J.A. Welch (Ret.). [198] (SAIC also has an ongoing collaboration with the multibillion-dollar pharmaceutical giant Bristol Myers Squibb (BMS). Unsurprisingly, through shared directorships, BMS is economically and politically aligned with the New York Times Corporation.) SAIC has long been entrenched with major oil, gas and nuclear interests. SAIC has also been flagged for involvement in highly questionable U.S. mercenary activities and human rights violations in Africa. [199]

No surprise either, SAIC provides major support for core agencies of the U.S. intelligence apparatus – the National Reconnaissance Office – and SAIC has invested heavily in advanced Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. The NRO is/was a major pillar of the national security apparatus, enmeshed with the National Security Agency (far more critical and secretive than the CIA), and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The NRO builds and operates America’s spy satellites, and they specialize in intelligence-gathering and information warfare. In recent years, the NRO has implemented a series of actions declassifying some of its operations. The organization itself was declassified in September 1992 followed in 1994 by the declassification of the location of its headquarters in Chantilly, VA.

The pivotal -- if somewhat obscure -- position that SAIC occupies in the defense and intelligence matrix can be gleaned somewhat by considering that in July 2002, when General Atomics sold state-of-the-art LYNX radar systems to the U.S. Army, the deal was procured through Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). Used on both manned and UAV platforms, the superior resolution and range of the LYNX system enables full operational capability -- even through clouds and rain. [200]

UAV was first developed and later refined under SAIC’s internal R&D program. SAIC recently received a Navy contract to deliver a reengineered version of Vigilante and fly it in a tactical demonstration. Clearly delineating the expected uses of these UAVs in their Annual Report – always for the betterment of the civilized world --- SAIC notes that Vigilante applications “could include border surveillance, oil pipeline monitoring, and special operations missions.” (No doubt these special operations missions will further secure American military superiority at the expense of the world’s innocent, poor -- and already disenfranchised – people.)

Polexis Inc. directors include Vice-Admiral USN Jerry O. Tuttle, a 39-year veteran flyer of advanced aerospace platforms with the U.S. Navy; former Director of SPAWAR (Space and Electronic Warfare Command) 1989-1994; former Director for C3 systems on the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and former Deputy Director for Intelligence at the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). (Tuttle is also involved with Oracle Systems Corporation: Oracle counts among its directors former U.S. Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Jack Kemp.) Note that the Joint Chiefs of Staff is essentially special operations programs control, and the liaison agency through which special (covert) operations are designated and implemented.

How does a military force “optimize natural processes?”

Although I have posed such rhetorical questions repeatedly, it seems fairly clear that weather warfare and hostile ENMOD technologies are under development. Indeed, some have already been deployed and tested, and many, apparently, are in transition to full operational capacity. However, to drive the point home one more time, were we to assume that military spokespeople were sincere and honest – an assumption clearly disproved at this point -- we could merely note the plethora of studies and documents further clarifying the military’s active pursuit of ENMOD capabilities. I will provide a brief list, by no means exhaustive, to complement the numerous programs, publications and references already cited.
Please note the dates (presented here in reverse chronological order) and sponsors of these publications, all produced in the past 20 years and – notably – long after the 1977 International ENMOD treaty came into effect. Last, please consider the likelihood that significant ENMOD research and development occurs under the cover of friendly client regimes in other countries (Brazil and South Korea provide two documented examples): hence the preservation of highly classified top-secret material as indicated below. [202]

G. E. James, “Chaos Theory: The Essentials for Military Applications,” ACSC Theater Air Campaign Studies Course Book, AY96, Vol. 8. Maxwell AFB, Ala.: Air University Press, 1995.

Capt Edward E. Hume Jr., Atmospheric and Space Environmental Research Programs in Brazil (U), March 1993. Foreign Aerospace Science and Technology Center, Air Force Intelligence Command, 24 September 1992. (Secret) Information extracted is unclassified.

Edward M. Tomlinson, Kenneth C. Young, and Duane D. Smith Laser Technology Applications for Dissipation of Warm Fog at Airfields, PL-TR-92-2087. Hanscom AFB, Mass.: Air Force Materiel Command, 1992.

Peter M. Banks, “Overview of Ionospheric Modification from Space Platforms,” in Ionospheric Modification and Its Potential to Enhance or Degrade the Performance of Military Systems, AGARD Conference Proceedings 485, October 1990, 19-1.

Paul A. Kossey, et al. “Artificial Ionospheric Mirrors (AIM): Concept and Issues,” in Ionospheric Modification and its Potential to Enhance or Degrade the Performance of Military Systems, AGARD Conference Proceedings 485, October 1990.

Alaska North Slope Electric Missile Shield, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Contract No. DAAHD1-86-C-0420, February 1986, Arlington, VA.

13. Friends In High Places.

Revisiting important details illuminated in this report, and tying them together here, provides significant insight into the nature of the machinery behind the clandestine intelligence and security apparatus and the implications for the subject of secret ENMOD development and operations.

The history and nature of Project Corona -- as one secret program recently declassified – offers a convenient doorway through which we can pass to explore the shrouds of secrecy and denial behind which ENMOD operations are proceeding. Corona documents reveal that satellite reconnaissance operations (1960-1972) were directed by top brass: including then CIA Director John McCone, then CIA Clandestine Services chief Richard Bissell (CIA director, from 1965), intelligence and security insider Dr. Eugene Fubini, and Cyrus Vance, DOD official (1960), Secretary of the Army (1962) and then Deputy Secretary of Defense (1963). [203]

George Bush Sr. began his association with the CIA in 1960, as Corona transitioned into full operation with satellite’s spying on cold war enemies, and just as ENMOD capabilities began to show promise, and secure major institutional support. He was appointed Director of the CIA in 1976, and he was one of the cold warrior architects of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) – Ronald Reagan’s supposed pet program – “Star Wars.”

Secretary of Defense Cyrus Vance later became Secretary of State under the Jimmy Carter Administration; he was also a director of the New York Times Corporation in the 1990s. [204] He was an insider to his death, and his role at one of the world’s premier institutions of perception management, the New York Times, should be appreciated for what it was: an elite director of editorial policy at the highest levels.

General Alexander Haig came to his warmaking maturity in parallel with the evolving militarization of space. Upon graduating from the U.S. Military Academy in 1947, Haig advanced through a number of military assignments, serving in Japan, Korea, Europe and Vietnam. Haig served in major posts in the Nixon, Ford and Reagan (Secretary of State, 1981-1982) administrations, and he was Senior Military Advisor to Dr. Henry Kissinger on the National Security Council. A CEO of aerospace giant United Technologies Corporation (UTC) prior to his appointment as Nixon’s White House Chief of Staff in the seventies, Haig remains today a director of UTC.

Like so many other premier American warmakers, General Alexander Haig is intimately involved with the shaping of the American mind through his many major interests in the news and entertainment media. Haig is on the Board of Advisors for the Corporation for Maintaining Editorial Diversity in America, a right-wing, warmaking front group openly backing the right-wing National Review Magazine. As pointed out above, Haig is a director for major media giant America Online, for the mammoth Hollywood films corporations Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), and he hosts a weekly business discussion TV program called World Business Review.

General Alexander Haig Consults with corporate executives John Balaguer, President, Pratt & Whitney Government Engines & Space Propulsion, and Ben Rich, Vice President, Lockheed Advanced Development Company. General Haig is currently senior advisor to United Technologies Corp. and on the Board of Directors for America Online, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc., & MGM Grand. [205]

United Technologies is a major aerospace corporation, with subsidiaries Pratt & Whitney (advanced aerospace engines and propulsion systems), and Sikorsky (advanced Blackhawk and Seahawk and black helicopter programs) operating in major partnerships with Boeing Aerospace. UTC director Jamie S. Gorelick (check: Also Fannie Mae or Charels River or Trammel Crow?) serves on the Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) National Security Advisory panel, while UTC director H. Patrick Swygert (also check!!!!!: Also Fannie Mae or Charels River or Trammel Crow?) is a member of the National Security Agency (NSA) Advisory Board. UTC-Sikorsky helicopters are a standard feature of US defense and intelligence special operations.


Former CIA director John McCone was as close to the privately held mercenary Bechtel Corporation as one could get, short of being born into the Bechtel family: in 1937 McCone teamed with Steve Bechtel to form Bechtel-McCone Corporation, a military industrial juggernaut with deep intelligence connections. John McCone later became Deputy Secretary of Defense (1948); Under Secretary of the Air Force (1950-51); Chairman of the secretive Atomic Energy Commission (1958-1960); and CIA Director (1961-1965). John McCone was chairman of the NSF during Project Mercury. A close comrad of Eisenhower, John McCone was also very close to Allen Dulles – McCone’s predecessor as director of Central Intelligence. [206]

Bechtel has always been politically untouchable. Ronald Reagan appointed then Bechtel Group President George Schultz as his Secretary of State (1982?) and Bechtel Vice-President and General Counsel Casper Weinberger as his Secretary of War: both men had guided Reagan’s presidential campaign. Casper Weinberger was a linchpin in the covert Iran-Contra Arms scandal, and, like then CIA director George H.W. Bush, he was central to the clandestine drugs operations and organized crime that led to the U.S. invasion of Panama (Operation Just Cause, 1989). Kenneth Davis, Bechtel V.P. in charge of nuclear construction (1972-1982) was appointed Deputy Secretary of Energy under Ronald Reagan in 1982. [207] It is likely, as mentioned previously, that Bechtel was involved in the top-secret construction of Groom Lake (Area 51). George Schultz returned, and remains, a director of the Bechtel Group.

Reagan’s Middle East envoy Philip Habib served as a private consultant to Bechtel: Habib was a career state department official from the 1950s, a senior advisor to the Secretary of State (1979-1980), and a resident fellow of the Hoover Institution think tank. Of course, prior to his Presidency, Reagan was for years a key spokesman and speech-giver, who was ever bringing good things to life – weapons, PCBs and nuclear waste – for General Electric. Francis Blake, now deputy energy secretary under George H.W. Bush, was a senior vice president at General Electric. Previously he was vice president and general counsel for GE Power Systems. GE contributed more than $100,000 to the George Bush presidential campaign and his inaugural committee.

Bechtel is entrenched in black operations, nuclear weapons production and military construction contracts. Bechtel Bettis, Inc. operates the Naval Reactors Facility that reports to DOE’s Pittsburgh Naval Operations Office. Bechtel is also involved with SAIC in the development of the Yucca Mountain High-Level Nuclear Waste dump in Nevada (and the Central Artery reconstruction project in Boston).

GE director Douglas Warner is a member of the Board of Counselors for the Bechtel Group, and a director of JP Morgan. Ditto for Morgan director Riley P. Bechtel -- the Chairman, CEO, and Director of the private Bechtel Group. JP Morgan director Douglas Yearley is a director of Lockheed-Martin and, through his interlocking directorships with Phelps Dodge, Yearley (read: Lockheed) is closely associated with long-time Phelps Dodge executive George B. Munroe – who is also a director of the New York Times Company. Note as well that Douglas Yearley is a member of the National Council of the World Wildlife Fund and a director of the Compatible Ventures Group of The Nature Conservancy. JP Morgan director Hanna H. Gray is a director of Cummins Engine Company, and Atlantic Richfield (ARCO) – the latter being a primary player behind the HAARP project in Alaska. Morgan director Martin Feldstein is a director of TRW. Morgan director Richard D. Simmons is the President and Director of the International Herald Tribune, and director of the Washington Post Company and Yankee Publishing.

Bechtel National Incorporated (Riley P. Bechtel Chairman and CEO) is teamed with BWX Technologies (BWXT) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. BWXT is a subsidiary of McDermott International, one of the largest aircraft carrier, nuclear submarine and submarine propulasion, and petroleum industry construction contractors in the world. McDermott director Bruce DeMars is a former U.S. Navy Admiral (Ret.), responsible for all major nuclear navy operations (1988-1996). McDermott director Kathryn D. Sullivan was formerly Chief Scientist for NOAA (1992-1996) and a NASA space shuttle astronaut from 1978 to 1992.

BWXT is deeply entrenched in the national laboratories nuclear weapons complex, including INEL, Oak Ridge and Los Alamos National Laboratories. The nuclear weapons complex is a good candidate cover for development of black programs ENMOD weapons of mass destruction.

The following information is lifted straight out of the Bechtel Annual Report 2002:

Weapons of Mass Destruction Training Program

Even before September 11 cast a spotlight on national security, the Nevada Test Site north of Las Vegas was taking aim at terrorism. Managed by Bechtel Nevada for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, the site supports national security and U.S. intelligence and defense efforts, designs emergency response programs, monitors consequences of terrorist acts, and develops technologies to fight terrorism… The site also operates Remote Sensing and Special Technologies laboratories.

To reiterate, the Nevada Test Site “also operates Remote Sensing and Special Technologies laboratories.” And there it is, one of the primary candidate sites for the ongoing black operations in ENMOD weapons research, design, development, test and deployment.

President Richard Nixon’s Director of Central Intelligence, Richard Helms, later served as a Bechtel consultant. Recall that Helms personally ordered Dr. Sidney Gottlieb – CIA Chief of Office of Technical Services -- to destroy all records of his experiments in developing the poison he hand-carried to the Congo to assassinate Patrice Lumumba (1961), and that Helms was convicted of perjury in 1977 for lying outright to a U.S. Senate Subcommittee about the CIA clandestine terrorism against Salvadore Allende and the people of Chile. [208]

With the field support of William Colby, then CIA operative and Special Ambassador to Vietnam (and later a CIA Director himself), CIA Director Richard Helms was one of the chief architects of Project Pheonix: the clandestine U.S. assassinations operation where U.S. soldiers routinely tortured, raped and massacred Vietnamese civilians, with between 20,000 and 40,000 Vietnamese dead. [209]

The CIA’s Dr.Gottlieb developed the chemical defoliants (Agent Orange) used in the U.S. saturation bombing of Vietnam. Meanwhile, the secret Vietnam era ENMOD “pilot program” Project Popeye was seeding clouds over Southeast Asia. It is notable that the Air Force itself called this a “pilot” program, indicating that there was probably far more programs and operations on the drawing board, if not in operation at the time. [210]

Now U.S. Vice-President Dick Cheney succeeded Donald Rumsfeld as White House Chief of Staff under the Gerald Ford Administration (circa 1976). Dick Cheney is a former CEO of Halliburton Corporation, to which he retains deep ties. Halliburton continues to benefit from huge contracts following U.S. military operations (Rwanda, Congo, Afghanistan, Iraq).

Halliburton Director Anne Armstrong was co-chairman of the Reagan-Bush campaign of 1980. [211] Halliburton director George R. Brown financed Lyndon B. Johnson’s political campaigns and, subsequently, Brown & Root Corporation won billion dollar contracts to set up U.S. naval and airfields in Vietnam. In 1995, Brown & Root set up U.S. military bases for the covert U.S. supported invasion of Zaire (1996): subsequently, over 3.5 million people died in Zaire/Congo. [212]

Bruce Jackson was the chairman of the Bush Sr. foreign policy platform committee at the Republican convention, and he wrote the foreign policy platform for the Republican Party: he was also Vice President of Corporate Development and Strategy of Lockheed Martin. Stephen J. Hadley, a partner in the Washington-based law firm Shea and Gardner, which represents Lockheed Martin, is deputy director of the National Security Council (NSC), and was a member of the NSC staff under George Bush Sr.

Another of the major George Bush Jr. administration’s total environmental domination advocates is Richard Perle, former Under Secretary of Defense under Ronald Reagan, and a close ally of the Reagan-Bechtel administration’s point men, Secretaries of State and War, George Schultz and Casper Weinberger.

A former director of the scandalized ENRON Corporation, Lockheed Martin director Frank Savage is also a director of Qualcomm, a secretive defense and intelligence insider company known to have close ties to the NSA. [213] Qualcomm deals in information technologies for aerospace platforms and missions. Qualcomm director Dr. Robert E. Kuhn was formerly employed by DARPA (1972-1985); and Bolt, Beranek and Newman, where he was responsible for the systems design of the Arpanet (again, the military precursor to the Internet). Qualcomm director Dr. Richard C. Atkinson is a former director of the National Science Foundation (NSF). Qualcomm director Diana Lady Dougan, a permanent U.S. Ambassador, served in senior policy positions under numerous U.S. administrations over the past 30 years.

Major classified aerospace and black programs contractor Northrup Grumman includes amongst its directors now CEO and Chairman of the Board Kent Kresa. An M.I.T. Lincoln Labs trustee and former Lincoln Labs insider, Kresa worked on ballistic missile technologies in the sixties, and for DARPA in the 1970s”. From 1976-1982, Kresa worked at the Northrup Ventura Division, a leader in the production of UAVs. Northrup Grumman director Ronald D. Sugar previously served with the highly secretive and controversial Litton Industries, with Hughes Aircraft, and with TRW, where he was responsible for advanced [read: top secret] military and scientific space and electronics programs.

and Dragon Warrior UAVs, and various Semi-Autonomous Reconnaissance Vehicle (SARV) initiatives. General Dynamics is a major producer and operator of satellite ground stations essential to ENMOD C4IST/R networking capabilities. General Dynamics is also a major producer of attack submarines, thus providing another diverse portfolio of platforms for ENMOD technologies, including advanced weather and satellite surveillance systems, and ENMOD (missile) delivery systems for monitoring and modification capabilities. General Dynamics is intimately connected to the Pentagon through directors Carl E. Mundy Jr., General, U.S. Marine Corps. (Ret.); Julius W. Becton Jr., Lt. General U.S. Army (Ret.); George E. Joulwan, General, U.S. Army (Ret.); and Carlisle A.H.Trost, Admiral, U.S. Navy (Ret.). [215]

And then there is Donald Rumsfeld, now U.S. Secretary of War. Under George Bush Sr., Donald Rumsfeld was White House Chief of Staff; he was Secretary of Defense, under Gerald Ford. He is a former director (circa 1996) of the huge privately held Swiss-Swedish multinational Asea Brown Baveri (ABB) Corporation, one of the largest and most secretive construction and defense contractors. [216] Rumsfeld has sat on the board of directors of the Tribune Company since 1992, and as Helen Caldicott has noted, the Tribune Company “boasts in its publicity statements, with “television, radio, newspapers and the Internet, [that it] reaches nearly 80 % of American households every day.”” [217]

Rumsfeld is also closely associated with the Center for Security Policy think tank, “the de facto nerve center of the Star Wars lobby. [218] Adopting the language used in one apologetic propaganda article about U.S. space dominance, Rumsfeld’s national security objectives can be summarized as “denying sanctuary with persistent surveillance, tracking, and rapid engagement, with high-volume precision air strikes in all times and weathers, and in all terrains.” To operate “in all times and weathers” requires major ENMOD capabilities. Note that the same article unquestioningly adopts the U.S. military stance where “weather watching” – and not the certain deployment of major ENMOD tactical assets – is the state of the warmaking art. [219]

Last, note that Donald Rumsfeld served as a liason between the Bechtel Group and the Iraqi regime in the 1980s, in a bid to finesse t he building of an oil pipeline. [220] The Bechtel Group, bidding to secure contracts worth up to $900 million in the aftermath of the US military deconstruction of Iraq in 2003, donated some $770,000 to the Republicans between

1999 and March 2003. [221]

This is the climate, or “community,” in which ENMOD operations reached their zenith in the public sphere prior to 1977, and the climate from which weather weaponry research and development transitioned into the nebulous future they now inhabit – whatever that future might be. Project Corona operated, according to the declassified record released in 1995, up to 1972: other programs that proceeded in parallel, and those that began in the decades after Corona, remain highly classified.

The seventies seethed with protest about the American terrorist war on Vietnam. The FBI had unleashed COINTELLPRO – the secret program of domestic terrorism against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement – assassinating, brutalizing and otherwise terrorizing inner city populations and thousands of innocent people. East Timor was invaded in 1975, the day after the infamous Kissinger/Ford meeting with Indonesian President Suharto. (Henry Kissinger is a director of Freeport-McMoRan mining, one of the corporations that has enjoyed free business reign in Indonesia, linked to egregious human rights violations and the military persecution in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. [222] )

The seventies also seethed with public protest about the burgeoning nuclear power industry: hundreds of behemoth nuclear power plants on order were cancelled. In January, 1975, the U.S. Congress created the Energy Research and Development Administration, which neatly and successfully set about to derail, destroy or expropriate -- for aerospace and energy corporations – emerging solar power development and technologies. Scores of billions of dollars of research and development programs over the next two decades went to Lockheed and Martin Marietta (Lockheed later bought Martin Marietta and GE Aerospace), Bechtel, Boeing, Grumman, GE, Westinghouse, NASA, and all the National Laboratories. [223]

It is important to again mention the means whereby secret programs were insured even after the U.S. government ostensibly “reformed” itself or the rogue agencies (and their people) involved. Thus were numerous “front” companies and laboratories encouraged and funded to pursue ENMOD technologies ostensibly forbidden by the international ENMOD treaty of 1977.

After the Senate Intelligence Committee’s revelations of the CIA’s covert and typically illegal and terrorist overseas operations, the agency grew very close to certain corporations. We can assume that this happened with various agencies of the national security apparatus. The revelations of the Senate Intelligence Committee had forced the CIA to do a housecleaning, and it became CIA policy that certain kinds of activities would no longer officially be performed. But that didn”t always mean that the need or the desire to undertake such operations disappeared. And that’s where some of these secretive “front” corporations came in.

Perhaps the most egregious of these secretive “front” and insider companies is Wackenhut Corporation, established in 1954 by FBI agent George Wackenhut Sr., a close friend of J. Edgar Hoover. “Hoover envisaged Wackenhut as a firm that he could rely upon to perform tasks from which the FBI was constitutionally barred from undertaking,” wrote investigative journalist Wayne Madsen. [224]

Wackenhut directors include: Admiral David E. Jeremiah, U.S. Navy (Ret.) former Commander-in-Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet, and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Dr. John S. Foster, Jr., Director of Defense Research and Engineering for the DOD, and former Director of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Troy E. Wade II, a deep insider whose 30-year government career included such stints as Assistant Secretary of Energy for Defense Programs, and Director, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

Current and recent members of the Wackenhut board have included much of the country’s recent national-security directorate: former FBI director Clarence Kelley; former Defense secretary and former CIA deputy director Frank Carlucci; former Defense Intelligence Agency Director General Joseph Carroll; former U.S. Secret Service director James J. Rowley; former Marine commandant P. X. Kelley; and acting chairman of President Bush’s foreign-intelligence advisory board and former CIA deputy director Admiral Bobby Ray Inman. Before his appointment as Reagan’s CIA director, the late William Casey was Wackenhut’s outside legal counsel.

While some of the institutions and members flagged and mildly dissected herein certainly have no role in ENMOD developments – a proposition, like their involvement, that is virtually impossible to prove or disprove -- their roles in maintaining the U.S. warfare state, and the intelligence and security apparatus it revolves around, cannot be denied. In contradistinction are the many certain ENMOD players counted amongst the panoply of organizations, individuals, agencies, laboratories and corporations delineated herein.

The cold warriors of the past five decades – and the corporations, agencies and bureaus they staff -- have revealed that they show very creative imaginations in their capacity to define and implement secret terrorist programs, and actual covert deployments, of unlimited scope, brutality and horror. They are experts at deception and the expropriation of the public trust. Further, they are accountable to no one. Their jobs secured by fellow insiders, their careers furthered by insider appointments and promotions, the budgets they have had at their disposal were obscene. Over time they have become increasingly more obscene.

In his 1982 expose on the secrecy and deception of the nuclear industry, The Cult of the Atom: The Secret Papers of the Atomic Energy Commission, author Daniel Ford aptly described the insider culture of the atomic industry as a “cult.” This same terminology of the cult was applied to the U.S. intelligence community (explored at length herein) by authors Marchetti and Marks in their stark insider’s expose The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence (1974). Dr. Helen Caldicott has similarly resurrected this apt description in The New Nuclear Danger, her scathing analytical expose of the cults of nuclear weapons and the Pentagon. [225]

This is exactly what we are dealing with: a cult of the multinational corporations, a cult of technological madness, a cult of arrogance, a cult of deception and death, a cult of supreme environmental hostility. What happened to all the interest in ENMOD? Did it really stop, in recognition of the 1977 ENMOD Treaty?

One answer is: yes: it really did stop. End of story. That is what U.S. Air Force Major Barry Coble has told us, and, certainly, given the absolute sincerity of American military leadership, the real issue might be our audacity– as members of the uninformed lay public -- in asking authorities such questions to begin with:

DOD funding for weather modification research peaked at $2.8 million in 1977. Funding was eliminated in 1979. Since then there has been no active research effort into weather modification by DOD. The Air Force spends no money on research, and there is no effort to monitor civilian research, applications and advancements. The Army’s program, “Owning the Weather for the Battlefield,” deals only with incorporating weather information into the digitized battlefield of the future. Efforts to modify the weather for battle are not being pursued. [226]

End of story. Or is it? Would our government lie to us? Do cigarettes cause cancer?

In 1966, Dr. Chalmers Sherwin of the DOD responded to a question from U.S. Senator Peter Dominick -- about the significance of weather as a weapon -- in these words:

I believe that I can state with assurance that at the present state of confidence and knowledge it has no direct military weapon type of activity value. The ability to control warm fog for landings is very important… The ability to produce clouds could have direct military utility and in that sense would be a component of a weapons system. [227]

Dr. Pierre St. Amand, doing weather modification research for the U.S. Navy at the time, put it more bluntly:

Answer: A campaign that peddled the “benign” and ‘scientific” interests of environmental monitoring and modeling, for weather forecasting, meteorology and the understanding of global climate change.

That is, coincidentally or not, exactly what we have seen. Further, supposing that weather modification has been clandestinely pursued on the regional or global scale, DOD secret programs would enjoy the benefits of the actual overt scientific research and modeling of weather and climate. Under this scenario, a massive propaganda campaign that denied and obfuscated the rising global climate chaos (perhaps as much a result of covert ENMOD operations and experiments as the deleterious toxic emissions from entrenched fossil fuel industries) would be highly efficacious.

Indeed, whether the latter case occurred or not – and it seems likely that it did – there has been a concerted corporate and government effort to downplay the realities of serious human-induced climatic instabilities. As the issues of climate change came to greater public attention over the past decade, the industries whose profits were threatened began to devote increasing resources to institutes and think-tanks, government lobbying and legislation, academic programs and “experts,” to huge campaigns of disinformation in schools, public forums, books, videos, on the internet and in the press. [228] It is easy to dismiss this as the nature of capital, protecting profits and entrenched industries like oil, coal and nuclear, which has certainly happened. However, there may be something much deeper at issue, and that just might be the intentional, secret military development of weather warfare capabilities.

There is also the possible greater agenda of intentionally facilitating radical climate instabilities for scientific adventurism. For example, when the Washington Post in 1989 reported on the 1989 Tokyo conference on global environment, they quoted World Bank president Barber Conable to say:

While higher temperatures may cause ‘a number of natural disasters,’ they might also warm cold and unproductive lands in the north into productivity. [229]

Reflecting the capacity to at least consider serious ENMOD experiments of potentially cataclysmic proportions, this is not an isolated and inconsequential statement. Indeed, it is the expression of an idea forwarded by numerous scientists in the past. It has always been a favored objective of ENMOD scientists in Russia, where research paralleled all ENMOD research pursued in the U.S., with additional studies of warming the Arctic region artificially. Melting the sea of the frozen Arctic and warming Siberia were pet projects of theirs, the obvious benefits being land reclamation and warmer growing climates for northern areas. “The Soviet program includes activities in both the Arctic and Antarctic.” [230]

Note, by the way, that the tundra and ice of Russia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland has begun to thaw, there are changes in species’ behaviors and migrations, and species even recently prolific are absent. To the horror of indigenous peoples, places where they have always known only icepack have become open sea.

Antarctica’s peninsula’s average temperatures have increased by 5 degrees Fahrenheit in the last half-century. [231] The tundra’s permafrost has begun to melt, and the CO2 previously stored in the frozen ecology is now contributing to CO2 accumulation in the atmosphere. Scientists have recorded accelerated rates of glacial retreat. [232] Ice and glaciers in Alaska are rapidly melting. [233]

On March 19, 2002, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) reported that satellite imagery revealed, “that the northern section of the Larsen B ice shelf has completely shattered and separated from the continent.” A huge crack in the Antarctic ice block was reported in 2001. Two ice shelves on the Antarctic Peninsula known as the Larsen B and Wilkins were already in “full retreat” and lost nearly 3,000 square kilometers of their total area in one year. [234] As we might predict from a world inclined to ignore or suppress evidence of climatic mayhem, a world where people are inclined instead to manipulate and control the weather, “Explaining the quick thaw and determining its cause -- whether human or natural -- has so far eluded the experts.” [235]

Could the reasons for the rapid warming – which “has so far eluded the experts” – be due to military adventurism and/or competing programs in environmental modification? Were any of the earthquakes, hurricanes or typhoons that have devastated underdeveloped countries -- like Honduras, Bangladesh and Philippines – manufactured – or encouraged -- by the military [read ENMOD] adventurism of the US DOD? Was Mother Nature responsible for the major droughts and famines in Africa in the 1970s and 1980s? Or was it Father Technology at work?

The U.S. military-industrial complex early on recognized the importance of weather as a weapon. The Battle for Britain was partially won because Allied forces successfully used a fog-dispersal system known as FIDO to enable aircraft takeoff and landing under otherwise debilitating fog conditions. Cold fogs were dissipated in the Korean War. [236] Project Popeye was implemented over Vietnam.

An article in Fortune magazine in 1948 spelled out the reality equally fortuitously, though it is a slightly different, and yet more horrible reality:

Army, Navy, and Air Force are spending close to a million dollars a year on weather modification and their tremendous interest suggests that military applications extend far beyond visiting a few showers upon an enemy. It does not require a sharp mind to figure out that wartime storms might readily be infected with virulent bacteriological and radiological substances. [237]

The Fortune sentiments are echoed, more recently, and in their contemporary incarnation, in statements by top U.S. officials. Speaking at an April 1997 conference on counter-terrorism, then Secretary of Defense William Cohen expressed concern about “eco-terrorism” using ‘scalar electromagnetic weapons.” This statement inadvertently echoes the sentiments of the Fortune editors of 1948, though it has been translated into the fear-mongering hype of the cult of intelligence/madness:

Others [terrorists] are engaging even in an eco-type of terrorism whereby they can alter the climate, set off earthquakes and volcanoes remotely through the use of electromagnetic waves… So there are plenty of ingenious minds out there that are at work finding ways in which they can wreak terror upon other nations... It’s real, and that’s the reason why we have to intensify our [counterterrorism] efforts. [238]

In commenting on the plethora of “ingenious” minds out there dedicated to terrorism – and ever dismissing the possibility of our own -- we should duly note that from a psychological perspective, this is basically a projection about the plethora of “ingenious minds” proliferating within the U.S. military industrial complex whom are dedicated to inventing war and all of its concomitant horrors. In other, more simplistic terms, we know that we have thought of it, and that we are already doing it.

This deep-intelligence insider war-making propaganda seems to focus at length on that pillar of U.S. foreign policy which argues that others will beat us to the technological punch, and then just plain beat us, and so we need to pursue ANY and EVERY lethal military instrument our [dubious] minds can think up. Thus we have such statements as this one, made in the Air Force 2025 document cited at the beginning of this writing:

The lessons of history indicate that a real weather modification capability will eventually exist despite the risk. The drive exists. People have always wanted to control the weather and their desire will compel them to collectively and continuously pursue their goal. The motivation exists. The potential benefits and power are extremely lucrative and alluring for those who have the resources to develop it. This combination of drive, motivation and resources will eventually produce the technology. History also teaches us that we cannot afford to be without a weather –modification capability once the technology is developed and used by others. Even if we have no intention of using it, others will. To call upon the atomic weapon analogy… we need to be able to deter or counter their capability with our own. Therefore, the weather and intelligence communities must keep abreast of the actions of others. [239]

Such is the Orwellian logic of our policy makers and military planners: the United States has repeatedly birthed major weapons of mass destruction under identical pretenses and, further, it is just such disingenuous arguments that are used by the United States to evade, dismiss or circumvent international treaties ostensibly designed to prohibit such unilateral military developments.

Any conclusion of the assessment of the state-of-the-art of weather warfare technologies, and the psychology that embraces a global environmental – or nuclear – Armageddon, would not be complete without the input of Dr. Strangelove himself: Dr. Edward S. Teller, a lead scientist for the Manhattan Project, and the “father” of the hydrogen bomb.

One of Dr. Teller’s bright ideas of the 1950s was to create harbors by nuking our own coastline. He also advocated minerals excavation – oil, coal, uranium – by nuclear explosion. At the same time, Dr. Teller was the number one advocate of $200 bargain basement bomb shelters that proliferated in the 1950s. [240]

Dr. Teller was an early security adviser for the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) who pushed to accelerate nuclear power development in disregard of major safety issues that even he admitted. “Nuclear plants contain radioactive poisons,” Dr. Teller noted. “It is my opinion that the unavoidable danger which will remain after all reasonable [safety and legislative] controls have been employed must not stand in the way of rapid development of nuclear power.” [241] Dr. Teller played a leading role in easing later safety regulations that ‘shackled the nuclear power industry [read: diluted profits considerably].”

It is also interesting to note that early ENMOD research was undertaken in tandem with AEC support. The National Hurricane Research Laboratory, for one example, worked for years with the AEC (coordinated by the Naval Research Labs – NRL) on programs, for example, measuring the density of the atmosphere using nuclear instrumentation. [242]

Dr. Teller was for years an eminent member of the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB). Formed by President Eisenhower, in 1956, the PFIAB was an executive branch intelligence “watchdog” or “oversight” committee, staffed by top defense and intelligence insiders. It was often used as an “in-house” investigative body that could be counted on never to publicly breach the halls of secrecy or compromise the cult of intelligence – much like the President’s Commission of Inquiry into the Three Mile Island Accident, which was tasked to produce a whitewash, and obscure the public contamination, health and safety issues, and which did just that. Dr. Teller served on the PFIAB with the likes of Nelson Rockefeller. [243]

Thanks to a major energy report produced under Dr. Teller’s direct supervision in 1974 and 1975, adopted by the Ford Administration, U.S. energy policy shifted drastically in favor of increased oil and gas production, strip-mining of coal and uranium, and nuclear power. A month after Nelson Rockefeller released the report, 3000 National Guardsmen occupied the Black Hills in South Dakota accompanied by sixty FBI agents at the nearby Pine Ridge Reservation. By June 26, 1975, the Tennessee Valley Authority had drilled 6000 test holes throughout 65,000 acres of Black Hills land, and had located an estimated five to six million pounds of uranium. Resistance by the American Indian Movement (AIM) prompted a full-scale military-type invasion – some 170 agents using armored personnel carriers, helicopters and M-16s -- of the Oglala Lakota Sioux reservation. Targeting AIM, the major terrorist actions that ensued were partially coordinated by Nelson Rockefeller. AIM was neutralized by a reign of terror; Leonard Pelletier was framed and incarcerated. [244]

Most notable however, is that in 1967 Dr. Teller told a U.S. Senate Military Preparedness Committee that the United States could become a second-class power without war if the Russians succeed in controlling weather to produce rain over their territory and deprive America of needed rain. [245]

Teller has for decades urged the U.S. to adopt a more defensive nuclear policy: Star Wars fits his bill neatly and he has enjoyed an enduring and, certainly, intimate association with nuclear devastation directors Donald Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney. [246] It should be no surprise then to learn then that Dr. Teller “has promoted the idea of manipulating the Earth’s atmosphere to counteract global warming.” [247] Computer simulations on the use of aluminum oxide to counter global warming come from Lawrence Livermore Weapons Laboratory, and this is one of the national labs cited (herein) for their heavy involvement in contemporary ENMOD research and development programs. Director Emeritus at Lawrence Livermore Labs, by the way, is Dr. Edward S. Teller.

A son of the Manhattan Project and a close associate of Dr. Edward Teller, was prominent physicist Frederic de Hoffmann, founder of General Atomics, a corporation owned privately by the Blue family of Denver (CO): Neil Blue remains chairman and CEO; brother Linden Blue is Vice-Chairman. Other directors are Harold Agnew, former Director of Los Alamos National Laboratories; John Vessey, former Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff; and Jay Keyworth, former science advisor to President Ronald Reagan.

According to one chronicler of the Atomic Age, General Atomics was “the first company anywhere dedicated to building atomic reactors.” General Atomics is a major player in the nuclear poisons arena, partnered, for example, with Entergy Corporation, Russia and U.S. DOE on a next-generation nuclear power project called the Gas Turbine - Modular Helium Reactor (GTMHR). [248] General Atomics is also “principally responsible party” to major U.S. Superfund environmental disasters. [249] General Atomics, once again – as outlined previously -- is a major secret aerospace and intelligence corporation dedicated to black programs and major UAV development and deployment.

14. This Intellect & Influence Business: Democracy to the Highest Bidder.

To better understand the extreme political landscape, consider for a moment the political purchase power of just one major military-industrial influence: The Business Industry Political Action Committee. BIPAC, as their slogan goes, is in the business of Electing Business to Congress:

“BIPAC is an independent, bipartisan organization founded in 1963 as the nation’s first business PAC. It has earned a reputation both in Congress and in the media as the pre-eminent source of political intelligence for business. The Institute for Political Analysis, PAC Council, and Prosperity Project are funded by corporate and association contributions from BIPAC supporters.”

Our respected Institute for Political Analysis is BIPAC’s operational core. Supported by corporate dollars, the Institute’s political analysis, research and communication on campaigns and elections, and its new programs to create and implement business participation in the political process, continue to revolutionize the way business conducts its political affairs.”

“From our famous Washington Political Briefings and off-the-record issue discussions with Members of Congress to customized political analysis and skills building workshops, BIPAC delivers the best political information, tactics and tools to fulfill your mission of effective political involvement at reasonable cost.”

“The Business Institute for Political Analysis is BIPAC’s operational core and political intelligence arm. Penetrating evaluation of issues, elections, candidates, and campaigns has made BIPAC the number one political team for American business.”

BIPAC’s Action Fund continues to lead the way, finding and supporting true pro-business candidates.” [250]

Counted amongst the 70 members of BIPAC’s Board of Directors are:

  • E.W. Baragar, Vice-President, The Boeing Company

  • Linden Blue, Vice-Chairman, General Atomics [251]

  • Stephen E. Chaudet, Vice-President, Lockheed Martin

  • Charles E. Dominy, Vice-President, Halliburton Company

  • William Russell King, Senior Vice-President, FreePort McMoRan

  • Kimberley M. Koro, President, Qualcomm Digital Media

  • Gerald T. McPhee, Vice-President, Occidental International [252]

  • Thomas C. Polgar, Senior Vice-President, Tyco International [253]

  • Earle C. Williams, President and CEO (Ret.), BDM International

BIPACs are not the only means whereby the U.S. Congress, U.S. national security and U.S. foreign policy – indeed our very democracy itself -- are expropriated. Think tanks, foundations and “not-for-profit” organizations also play a major role in the manufacture and further institutionalization of our permanent warfare economy. For example, numerous Lockheed Martin officials sit on the boards of the right wing, pro-war think tanks the Heritage Foundation and Center for Policy Studies, both enmeshed in the highest level classification programs. These institutions both serve as intellectual pillars of support for the ongoing Star Wars hoax and the greater panoply of defense and intelligence establishment policy securing the permanent warfare economy of the United States.

Other major institutions also warrant examination, given their influence over national security and international insecurity policy, and especially, for their potential relevance to the secret ENMOD arena. These institutions are generally comprised of the same set of principal architects of the military, intelligence and national security apparatus that have repeatedly surfaced throughout this writing. These include:

  • The Heritage Foundation

  • Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise (CDFE)

  • Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)

  • Center for Security Policy (CSP)

  • RAND Corporation

  • Lincoln Laboratories

  • The MITRE Corporation

  • The Aerospace Corporation

  • The Space Foundation

  • The Freedom Forum

The USAF has (at least) five major contract research centers: RAND, MITRE, Lincoln Laboratory, The Aerospace Corporation and The Space Foundation. RAND has already been discussed. Lincoln Laboratory was created by the Air Force as a direct reaction to the first Soviet nuclear explosion. Lincoln Lab warrants special mention for its pivotal role in technology transfer between the U.S. DOD and academic research institutions, especially the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University of Massachusetts. Ostensibly independent and civilian in nature, these two “research” institutions serve, as I have already noted, as de facto corporate military subsidiaries involved in the rapid development and transfer of critical military technologies. Lincoln Laboratory’s “fundamental mission,” according to their own literature, “is to apply science and advanced technology to critical problems of national security. The scope of the problems has broadened from the initial emphasis on air defense to include communications, space surveillance, missile defense, tactical surveillance systems, air traffic control as well as air defense.” [254]

M.I.T. has always been a pillar of bias behind the nuclear and aerospace industries. Recall that John Deutch, former CIA director, retains a professorship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. M.I.T. nuclear engineering professor and former industry executive Norman Rasmussen chaired the infamous Reactor Safety Study (1975), billed as an independent national research study, but a whitewash effectively produced by the industry itself. The so-called Rasmussen Report downplayed reactor safety and radiation health issues; the subsequent meltdown at Three Mile Island (1977) aptly spoke to the study’s biases. Rasmussen was nominated by then AEC Chairman James R. Schelsinger (appointed by Nixon in 1971), future director of the CIA, a past consultant for the RAND Corporation. Rasmussen remains a staunch pro-nuclear proponent in his tenured position at M.I.T., ever a prime mover in whitewashing the very real dangers of nuclear power, in service to industry profits. [255]

Entrenched in UAV technologies, MITRE today plays a major role in classified R&D programs for C4IST/R, electronic warfare, intelligence, and tactical missiles and ballistic missile defense (Star Wars) technologies. As noted above, MITRE is frequently partnered -- on major aerospace and intelligence programs -- with some of the most secretive corporations: SAIC, Polexis, Bechtel, Lockheed Martin, General Atomics and Northrup Grumman.

MITRE’s major clients include: AFRL; ARL; DARPA; DIA; FBI; NSA, NOAA, NASA, ONR; ONI; the Joint Chiefs of Staff; CSIS, National Weather Service; National Security Space Architect; Directorate of Intelligence; the National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite Systems; and the Defense Special Weapons Agency (NEED TO DEFINE).

  • General Alexander Haig: United Technologies

  • Dr. Henry Kissinger: Kissinger Associates, 40 Committee

  • Lieutenant General Brent Scowcroft: USAF, Qualcomm

  • Reginald K. Brack: Time Warner

  • Duane Andrews: former Assistant Secretary of Defense

  • John Deutch: former Director, CIA

  • Robert Gates: former Director CIA

  • Admiral James R. Hogg: U.S.N. (Ret.), director Strategic Studies Group, Naval War College

  • William Cohen: former U. S. Senator, former Secretary of Defense, Chairman & CEO, Cohen Group

  • Fred Ikle: former Under Secretary of Defense

  • Dr. David Kay: corporate Vice President-Homeland Security, SAIC

  • Mr. Richard J. Kerr: former Deputy Director, CIA

  • Stuart Knight: former Director, Secret Service

  • General Edward C. Meyer: former Chief of Staff, U.S. Army

  • Oliver Revell: former Associate Deputy Director, FBI

  • Donald Rumsfeld: U.S. Secretary of Defense

  • William Sessions: former Director, FBI

  • James R. Schlesinger: former Secretary of Defense, former Secretary of Energy, former director CIA, former director AEC, former RAND consultant, Chairman MITRE Corp.

  • William Sessions: former Director, FBI

  • Admiral William D. Smith: U.S.N. (Ret.) and Senior Fellow, Center for Naval Analyses

  • Lt. General Edward Soyster: former Director, DIA and currently Vice President-International Operations, Military Professional Resources, Inc.

  • John J. Hamre, former Deputy Secretary of Defense

  • Harold Brown: former Secretary of Defense, director Cummins Engine, RAND

Of all the notable CSIS agents, Dr. Harold Brown is of particular note. Brown was a member of the Polaris Steering Committee (1956-1958), a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (1956-1961) and also consultant to and then member of the President’s Science Advisory Committee (1958-1961). The later two posts held by Brown overlap significantly with major ENMOD developments in 1957. Recall from Section Two herein that in 1957 the President’s Science Advisory Committee on Weather Control explicitly recognized the military potential of weather modification, warning in their report that it could become a more important weapon than the atom bomb. [258]

Organized by Frank Gaffney, another Pentagon official under Ronald Reagan, the Center for Security Policy (CSP) is funded by Boeing, TRW, General Dynamics, Rockwell International and Northrup Grumman, with Lockheed Martin at the top of the list, and six Lockheed Martin executives on its board. Gaffney also heads the Coalition to Protect Americans Now, a media advocacy group that organizes TV ads promoting Star Wars and ballistic missile defense. One ad, notes Helen Caldicott, depicts visions of babies in their cradles and children playing baseball, with missiles falling from the sky, and a caption reading, “Where will you be when the missiles are launched?[259]

The Center for Security Policy (CSP) is the “nerve center of the Star Wars lobby,” Helen Caldicott writes. Included on the CSP board are Ronald Reagan’s science advisor George Keyworth, and missile defense supporters U.S. Senator John Kyl (AZ) and U.S. Representative Kurt Weldon (PA). The elderly Dr. Teller today sits on the board of the Center for Security Policy (CSP). In 1998 the CSP gave its “Keepers of the Flame” award to Donald Rumsfeld; Newt Gingrich and Ronald Reagan have also received this award. [260]

In 1988, public relations hacks Ron Arnold and Alan Gottlieb joined forces with corporations -- including Weyerhauser, McMillan Bloedel and Exxon -- and industry trade groups – including the American Mining Congress, the National Rifle Association and the National Cattlemen’s Association – to counter the rising tide of environmentalism. Thus was born the Wise Use Movement, a nebulous front movement catapulted to center stage in America with complete media support. [261] The roots of the Wise Use Movement are deeply sunk however.

Alan Gottlieb founded the Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise (CDFE) in 1976; Ron Arnold at some point became Executive Vice-President. CDFE’s success was guaranteed through frequent and sympathetic “news” articles: more than 600 radio stations support and regularly broadcast programs on free enterprise produced by CDFE; more than 400 newspapers nationwide participate in the CDFE American Press Syndicate by publishing regular CDFE productions. [262]

In the mid 1990’s, the CDFE counted nine U.S. senators and nine U.S. representatives as its Congressional advisers. Also on the board as was the Honorable Dick Cheney, then U.S. Secretary of Defense, now U.S. Vice-President under George W. Bush. [263] Lynn Cheney, the wife of U.S. Vice-President Dick Cheney, is a former director of Lockheed Martin.

The directors of Weyerhauser Corporation – a major destroyer of forests -- carbon sinks essential to the earth energy and climate balance -- are also directors of major aerospace, petroleum, nuclear, chemical and cattle ranching enterprises. Director George H. Weyerhauser is a director of aerospace and defense giant Boeing Corporation, and of Chevron Oil. Weyerhauser director William D. Ruckelshaus was administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Ronald Reagan administration, when major environmental safeguards were dismantled. He is also a director of defense contractors Cummings Engine and Nordstrom, and of Monsanto, a major purveyor of genetically engineered monoculture plantations displacing carbon sinks.




The International Climate Change Partnership (ICCP) -- comprised of large multinational corporations -- emerged in the mid-1990’s to position itself to take a leadership role in the climate issues and business opportunities. The ICCP asserts that corporations, not governments, must design and lead the global energy transition. [264] That, by the way, is business as usual, because that is exactly what they have done.

Meanwhile the World Bank and International Monetary Fund continue to underwrite new projects based on devastating fossil fuel (and nuclear) technologies, and their reports describe these plans in bold and euphemistic language that exposes the extent of their mental illness. [265] Ditto for the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) and the Export-Import Bank of the United States, both highly subsidized by American taxpayers. Indeed, OPIC “has a comprehensive insurance program to encourage petroleum exploration, development and production in developing countries.” [266] With a multibillion-dollar annual portfolio, the Ex-Im Bank in 1996 was most heavily concentrated in nuclear, mining and fossil fuels, and fossil fuels-based manufacturing and transportation sectors. [267]

As it is with the U.S. intelligence community, these people are stark raving mad. They have not the slightest intentions of exercising restraint or conservation in the face of mounting evidence of climatic mayhem and social and environmental chaos. When they do address potential chaos, it is always with the assumption – indeed the regretful acknowledgement – that poor and “developing” countries will be first and hardest hit, that it is unavoidable, but regretful, and that the rich and “advanced” societies, most likely, will only be marginally effected, if at all. [268]

Contrary to the popular notion that petroleum reserves are diminishing, and very limited, is the evidence that major petroleum resources have yet begun to be exploited. Indeed, the CIA intelligence document, Global Trends 2015: A Dialog About the Future With Nongovernment Experts, confirms the double jeopardy intentions of current leadership: not only will devastating fossil fuels use be expanded to new markets in leaps and bounds, with the empty promises of great economic prosperity (supposed for the American people) but there is far more oil and gas available than people think. CIA Assistant Director John Gannon has said: “The latest estimates from outside sources tell us 80 percent of the world's available oil, and 95 percent of its gas, remain underground, so we are not going to run out in the next fifteen years.” [269]

Indeed, the report reads not so much as prediction, but as promise:

Despite a 50% increase in global energy demand, energy resources will be sufficient to meet demand; the latest estimates suggest that 80% of the world’s available oil and 95 % of its gas remain underground. [270]

Sustained economic growth, along with population increases, will drive a nearly 50% increase in the demand for energy over the next 15 years. Total oil demand will increase from roughly 75 million barrels per day in 2000 to more that 100 million barrels per day in 2015, an increase almost as large as OPEC’s current production. [271]

Fossil Fuels will remain the dominant form of energy, despite increasing concerns about global warming… Asia’s energy needs will be met either through coal from the region or from oil and gas supplies from the Persian Gulf. [272]

With increasingly intensive land use, significant degradation of arable land will continue as well as the loss of tropical forests. Given the promising global economic out look, greenhouse gas emissions will increase substantially. The depletion of tropical forests and other species rich habitats, such as wetlands and coral reefs, will exacerbate the historically large losses of biological species now occurring. [273]

Developed countries will continue to manage these local environmental issues, and such issues are unlikely to constitute a major constraint on our economic growth or on improving health standards. [274]

The economy will prosper. There is plenty of oil and gas. We will lose rainforests, cropland, biological diversity, species, wetlands and coral reefs -- but Americans will be healthier and richer than ever before. And so goes the mental illness.

The excerpts above attest to the intentions of the capitalist powers, the multinational corporations and the people they have positioned throughout government and its agencies to insure that the oil, gas, nuclear and military interests are served. The Central Intelligence Agency reports from a perspective of certainty, reflecting their insider knowledge about the thinking and intention of the people in control of the military-industrial / national security complex. Indeed, in many instances, they are the same people.

More insidious however, is the certainly that this classified report – cleared for public release – is specifically intended to proliferate, with media support, and infect the public mind. Reporting on this document by Nightline, BBC and ABC News have further focused public attention on the scenarios predicted by the CIA, by reporting on the release of this report, and creating a public debate about the issues in the report. Why has this unclassified report garnered so much attention?

Global Trends 2015 is yet another propaganda document released to help lay the groundwork for public acquiescence and apathy about major, catastrophic environmental disruption, and huge loss of life, the perfect cover behind which the military and intelligence community can toy around with the weather. Creating apathy and indifference in the rich countries, while meanwhile sewing devastation in the poor countries, is one means of solving the “populations crisis” this and other reports focus on. (The population crisis is in the North: that is where we find the primary drivers for the consumption and devastation of the world’s natural resources.)

This disruption will further debilitate underdeveloped countries first, as predicted in the report. Indeed, the effects are already devastating entire geographical regions and nation-states around the world. Climatic mayhem, overpopulation, disease, refugee flows, war – all can be causally linked to western corporate and institutional pressures (World Bank, IMF, OPIC) and current U.S. government realities in both underdeveloped and overdeveloped nations.

Global Trends 2015 seeks to further secure in the public mind the complacency that will enable policy makers and leaders to step away from these horror zones, even while western multinational corporations continue to pillage their raw materials, drain their institutions, and dump substandard western products and industrial waste and weapons on them.

Behind the shield of public apathy and fear in the rich countries, the western military-industrial complex will continue – as is happening today -- to overtly and covertly destabilize underdeveloped regions around the world. This will occur through economic and military instruments. It will occur behind the rubric of plausible deniability. Destabilization operations will occur with increasing success as the thresholds of violence, disease and environmental disruption provide sufficient “background” cover to shield them.

15. Our Permanent Warfare Economy

Given what we know of the defense and intelligence establishment, and what they are capable of – both in terms of their technological achievements and in terms of their propensity to overt and covert terrorism – it would be unreasonable to dismiss the importance of programs like SHEBA in developing the database and computer models – at the very least – for ENMOD applications. Again, ENMOD objectives are not an afterthought, but the raison d”etre of such programs, no matter the extent to which they have already achieved operational capabilities, and we cannot for certain say anything about that extent, except that it may be far more comprehensive and horrible than this writing suggests.


16. The Coming Permanent State of Emergency

Instead of rational policies and programs aimed at mitigating climate change, and protecting the environment for the betterment of all people and all species, today and tomorrow, and over and above the obscene but ongoing tax breaks and expenditures in devastating energy industries, the military-industrial complex has invested billions of dollars into research and development of weather-as-weapon technologies.

“Despite a vast body of scientific knowledge, the issue of deliberate climatic manipulations for military use has never been explicitly part of the United Nations agenda on climate change… The clash between official negotiators, environmentalists and American business lobbies has centered on Washington's outright refusal to abide by commitments on carbon dioxide reduction targets under the 1997 Kyoto protocol. The impacts of military technologies on the world's climate are not an object of discussion or concern. Narrowly confined to greenhouse gases, the ongoing debate on climate change serves Washington's strategic and defense objectives.” [275]

July and August, 2002, saw record heat waves for days straight in the western USA. For six U.S. states -- the Carolinas, Georgia, and Virginia in the east, Colorado and Wyoming in the west -- July wrapped up the driest August-to-July year in their history. Several Western states, struggling with arid pastures, range, and cropland, were declared agricultural disaster areas by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The U.S. Forest Service saw one of the worst wildfire years in history: More than 4 million acres burned, nearly twice the average year-to-date over the past decade. Only the state of Texas bucked the trend: Texas saw record floods in early July in what became the third-wettest July on record for the Lone Star State. [276]

In July 2002, the northern California city of Redding saw record-breaking temperatures of 115 degrees; in Bakersfield, some 400 miles away, the temperature reached 109. [277] The mercury also hit the all-time record of 108 for the second straight day in Reno, Nevada, and rose to 109 in Boise, Idaho. Meanwhile, in Texas, over a foot of rain fell in record time, causing major flooding. Massive fires raged throughout the west.

On April 28, 2002, an “unusually wide and potent swath of thunderstorms plowed across the eastern half” of the U.S., killing at least six people, inflicting 93 others with minor to critical injuries; a tornado struck New York; heavy snow hit Wisconsin and Minnesota. [278] By March 14, 2002, widespread droughts plagued most of the U.S.: Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Virginia saw the driest September to February ever. These droughts persist: in some areas the aggregate precipitation deficits “are comparable to missing a full year of rain.” The entire state of Wyoming was declared a drought disaster area. [279] Montana is reverting to desert. [280] The southern U.S. has seen an absence of frost in some areas. [281] May 18th brought over 3 inches of snow to parts of New England.

The tundra and ice of Russia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland has begun to thaw, there are changes in species’ behaviors and migrations, and species even recently prolific are absent. To the horror of indigenous peoples, places where they have always known only icepack have become open sea. As we might predict from a world inclined to ignore or suppress evidence of climatic mayhem, “Explaining the quick thaw and determining its cause -- whether human or natural -- has so far eluded the experts.” [282]

The past existence of “doomsayers” and “alarmists” does not preclude the need for immediate action. Many of the so-called “alarmists” have been vindicated by evidence that their predictions greatly underestimated the imminent cataclysms. Little substantive change, in a positive sense, has occurred since the first warnings were issued decades ago, and public subsidies and public policies dictated by multinational corporations have accelerated our demise. [283]

International agreements already being implemented, and climate-change protocols on the books, and treaties currently under debate, will not stop climatic mayhem. Climatic mayhem manifests globally and locally as severe weather events: ice storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, droughts, floods, heat waves and earthquakes.

Access to clean water and fresh air are basic human rights, and as it is with agriculture, energy, fisheries, and forestry, access to these has been compromised by the inability and unwillingness of state and federal regulators, and the people at large, to deal with human-induced climate change. In combination with other major social and environmental factors, it is expected to increasingly cause: declining agricultural production; epidemics of disease; insect infestations; fisheries depletion; mass species extinctions; economic disasters; population displacements; homelessness; societal conflict; and war. No one is immune, and, here again, it would behoove us all to recall that money cannot be eaten. [284]

Our systems of economic accounting (e.g. GDP, GNP) count as profits all the coal and oil the world consumes, but fail to enter the resulting environmental and social damage on the global balance sheet. “A nation could exhaust its mineral reserves, cut down it’s forests, erode its soils, pollute its aquifers, and hunt its wildlife to extinction – all without affecting measured income.” [285]

The science of climate change, the oil and coal industry have spent millions to tell us, is far from clear. The nuclear industry peddles its poisons, on the other hand, promising us that they are “clean and safe” antidotes to greenhouse warming. The interests of the energy industries and the policies they have peddled at the state and federal levels reflect a business-as-usual attitude that is arrogant, indifferent and hostile to all life. Indeed, the reality is that billions of dollars are being pumped into programs serving the defense and intelligence imperatives of climate modification and weather warfare.

Through the mysterious teleconnections of the earth’s climate, the effects of distant climate behavior are seen in weather instabilities, severe storms and shifting precipitation patterns – localized – throughout the United States. Cases of equine encephalitis, the worst winter drought in the history of the state (2001/2002), the decline in offshore fish stocks are all teleconnected to greater human-induced environmental instabilities. It is precisely the dearth of human scientific knowledge – in sharp contradistinction to the arrogance of western empirical science -- given the already visible effects of climatic mayhem, which dictates that a revolution in human thought and action is imperative.

We are already dealing with the dire consequences – no matter how innocent or unconscious or malicious are the causes – of human ignorance, technological arrogance, military adventurism and simple greed. [286] We have reached a point where we can no longer be sure, with absolute certainty, that day will follow night and water will always flow downhill. (As any mathematician will tell you, such is the nature of non-linear processes, threshold effects and boundary value instabilities.)

17. On The Threshold.

Humanity is on the threshold. [287] In biocentric, rather than anthropocentric, terms, life as we know it is on the threshold. The environmental system, in particular the earth’s climate, used to be regarded as relatively stable in the face of human insults. But now it is widely believed to have multiple local equilibria that are not highly stable. [288]

Human-induced environmental degradation – or scientific and military arrogance in tampering with atmospheric systems or nuclear devices -- may provoke nonlinear or threshold effects in the atmospheric and hydrological systems that could produce sudden shifts in the climate to a new – and potentially very undesirable – equilibrium. An oft-cited example is the potential to alter the direction of major ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream. [289] An abrupt shift of deep ocean currents could cut off the northward flow of warm water in the Atlantic so that, within a decade, the climate of much of Europe could go into a deep freeze. [290]

Imminent and far-reaching actions are essential, not to reverse the most severe ecological damage we have already done, but only to slow those effects and prevent greater catastrophe. Feedback mechanisms will continue to exert pressures on the environmental system long after we have ceased or modified our human actions. Nonlinear processes involve instabilities and forces of unpredictable magnitude, duration and frequency. [291]

We are now facing multiple resource scarcities that exhibit powerful interactive, feedback and threshold effects. The multiple impacts of severe storms, agricultural decline, ozone depletion, pollution and human population have created an indeterminate and unpredictable mix. People are committed to patterns of resource consumption, the momentum is staggering, and even many of the people who are already aware of the need for alternative energies and lifestyles are reluctant, unable or unwilling to change.

Humankind will face multiple resource shortages that are interacting and unpredictable, that grow to crises proportions rapidly, and that will be hard to address because of powerful commitments to certain consumption patterns. Growing population, consumption and environmental factors will increase social friction.“The resulting economic decline may corrode confidence in national purpose, weaken the tax base, and undermine financial, legal and political institutions.” [292]

To transition from the preceding analysis into a discussion about economic impacts -- in the United States, for example -- is obscene. However much people in the United States and Canada consider themselves to be sufficiently divorced from the seas of human misery, their future lies in helping – not abandoning – the developing world. To drive this home we now address the financial and economic costs, in the United States, of the current course we are on.

Study after study – not funded by the oil and coal industry – has shown that every dollar spent on conservation, energy efficiency and renewable energies creates far more jobs than the equivalent amounts spent on fossil fuels. [293]

The National Climatic Data Center reports that “the U.S. has sustained 52 weather-related disasters over the past 22 years in which overall damages and costs reached or exceeded $1 billion. 43 of these disasters occurred during the 1988-2001 period with total damages/costs exceeding $185 billion. Seven occurred during 1998 alone--the most for any year on record, though other years have recorded higher damage totals.” [294]

Nonetheless, popular publications like World Climate Report continue to debunk basic and obvious realities with the most circuitous Orwellian and Kafkaesque arguments. At the same time, when a news article of some substance is printed, these and similar publications blame the media – which they have so successfully courted and influenced -- for publishing articles intent on scaring and deceiving the public.

For example, the Greening Earth Society’s World Climate Report says:

Vocal advocates of acting now to head off the possibility of global warming, having failed to make the case that climate change would cause noticeable economic costs, are attempting to scare the public through allegations that a warmer climate would bring death and disease. [295]

This is certain: the current course our leadership has assumed is tantamount to doom. Indeed, that is scary. We are, in many ways, doomed to suffer that which we have allowed or created or silently accepted. We should be scared. Unless revolutionary changes are instituted at the most basic levels, immediately, the world will increasingly suffer unprecedented cataclysms, resulting in widespread human, plant and animal suffering and death. The United States – even its richest and most powerful citizens -- are not immune. To the glee of the flat earth climate skeptics, and the public deceptions industry, and the corporations behind them however, numerous accountings of the economic costs have been studiously dismissed, denied and buried.

Mechanized forestry combined with resource depletion continues to eliminate human labor even as corporate public relations trumpet (mythical) job creation, as they log and destroy pristine areas. Meanwhile the logging industry blames job losses on environmentalists and conservation programs. In British Columbia it is estimated that in the period from 1981-1992 only 500 of the 24,000 direct forest industry job losses were due to wilderness preservation (In BC, more people work in tourism than in forestry). [296]

The travel and tourism industry will suffer enormous losses as the specter of acute violence, refugee flows, epidemics, and widespread suffering outside the country reaches the awareness of the public and, in turn, drives protectionism, xenophobia and isolation at home. International and domestic tourism will be hard hit as the effects of severe weather conjoin with population, pollution, social strife and resource depletion to eat away at national forests and monuments, wildlife refuges, conservation areas, beaches and marine parks. In July and August of 2002, for example, severe drought plagued the fishing economy of the U.S.: Colorado’s annual $900 million fishing economy was devastated. [297]

External groups marginalized by the inequalities of globalization, and some privileged groups of richer countries, will increasingly retaliate against American interests: most vulnerable will be international tourists, backpackers and traveling business people. “And, some form of confrontation between the over-thirty rich and the poor but angry global teenager seems likely,” notes the Air Force, ever scheming to deploy repressive troops and technologies, at home as abroad. [298]

Crime within developed countries will increase as employment shrinks and people of all classes increasingly resort to illegal activities in anger, retaliation and desperation. Crime will be random, committed by individuals, and it will be organized, committed by gangs hardened across ethnic, religious and class cleavages. This will further justify an authoritarian state response, at taxpayer’s expense.

Domestic violence, rape, alcohol, racial and religious scape-goating, and racial profiling will increase and further contribute to violent crime. (Such social costs, not easily calculated, are very significant). Security firms, security equipment and professional thugs will proliferate, at high costs, becoming increasingly unaffordable to the average citizen. Nonetheless, insurance firms will mandate high investments in security equipment for homeowners and businesses.

Health care costs will increase substantially. Drugs will become less effective, more expensive, and, as the social fabric unravels in parallel with greater authoritarian control, and the controls on corporations and oversights on medical regulations are compromised, we can predict a greater propensity for drugs to simultaneously deliver adverse side-effects and unforeseen risks. (This is already happening, and it is called risk-assessment, and it is the calculated statistical expectation of a certain level of mortality.)

Disease will hamper economic productivity. Manufacturing, energy, defense, travel and service industries will suffer as production, human efficiency and attendance are increasingly impacted by mental or physical illness, or the imperatives of mitigating sudden threats or losses to private property. Corporations will exploit these conditions, optimizing productivity and costs by choosing from increasingly desperate pools of labor. This is already happening.

As the economies of the greater world continue to decline and collapse – which has happened to varying extent in different geographical areas -- or transition into permanent states of war -- as some regions have already done – the emerging markets and the banking systems propped up and manipulated by western capital will further decline and collapse. This will exert tremendous downward pressure on centers of trade, finance and manufacturing in the North.

Disruptions in fresh water systems will continue to degrade and impact human health. Public water and sewage systems’ maintenance and operations costs will sap budgets, and we can expect greater social strife as clean water scarcity drives private sector resource capture [299] -– leading to monopolies and controls on water purification, distribution, accessibility and costs.

Environmental and health disasters will exhaust relief budgets. Taxpayers pay for disaster assistance by the government, and all policyholders pay for insurance losses through higher insurance premiums. Severe storms cause death, homelessness, property damage and psychological damage to victims.

The insurance industry will both capitalize and capitulate on their responsibilities and opportunities in the highly volatile environment characterized by unpredictable weather, severe storms, disasters, and the related losses to life and property. Auditing firms like Arthur Andersen, Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand will continue to manipulate the financial records, deferring losses and hiding costs, to maximize the profits of insurance (and other) corporations at the public expense. Insurance companies have already imposed caps on how much insurance they will write in certain areas. [300]

Absent a vibrant state and national government – with individuals accountable to the public trust --- corporations will for some time continue to secure government (taxpayer) subsidies and bailouts, to defer the substantial losses (direct and indirect) related to environmental disruption. Shareholders -- for the most part – will continue to be defrauded even as directors pocket tens of millions of dollars annually in basic salaries, stocks, bonds, insurance benefits and special bonuses. Investment funds, pensions plans, social securities and other financial safety nets will increasingly defraud long-term investors and retirees: for the average middle- and lower-class citizen, most will fail or disappear without warning.

The many social, financial and economic ills that will beset U.S. citizens as environmental disruption proceeds and accelerates will stress and paralyze the legal system. The cases of India and Nigeria provide perfect examples of what can be expected here. State and federal legal institutions will become increasingly costly and unmanageable, as more and more citizens pursue legitimate grievances within the courts. Many citizens will remain marginalized, incapable of defraying the most basic legal costs. The further saturation of the legal field with the recently graduated law students will further bog down an already paralyzed system. Prisons will proliferate, at further taxpayer expense. Special military courts and tribunals will convene and extrajudicially override legitimate legal institutions.

Finally, we have the specter of authoritarianism. Given the social consequences of environmental disruption, in tandem with increasing urbanization, rising population, and declining standards of living, one can easily support the conclusion that there will be significant increases in the size and intrusiveness of federal internal and external security forces.

18. The Falsification of Consciousness.

Perhaps the most devastating fact of climatic mayhem is the evidence that it is the desired state of affairs, and that climatic mayhem may actually be desired and facilitated by the U.S. military, aerospace, defense and intelligence establishment.

The extent of the subterfuge we as American citizens face from our leadership, and our media institutions, can be mildy gleamed from the above. Unfortunately, this is but the tip of the weather warfare and environmental modification iceberg. The material in this report is readily available to the general (world) public. Given that an individual outside the classified sectors of government can so easily access this information, we can take this as a powerful testament to the vast assortment of information, research and development that must exist, and retain classification, within the defense and intelligence arena.

Much of the general public remains apathetic, disinterested, and confused by the climate skeptics and the huge propaganda machine. The debate centers on whether there is clear scientific rationale to address climate change. The disparity between public perceptions and military realities is monumental. The current public debate around climate protocols and greenhouse gas emissions only serves to facilitate greater military adventurism, at the expense of American citizens, at the expense of democracy, to the greater devastation of earth and all its life forms.

Thus do we draw the following conclusions from the limited research provided above:

  1. The general public remains confused by climate skeptics.

  2. The scientific community is mostly engaged in a narrow debate about climate change.

  3. The spectrums of problems of climatic mayhem are greatly unappreciated.

  4. Where these problems are appreciated, proponents argue narrowly about fossil fuels and climate protocols that, conveniently, distract and deflect attention from greater issues of secrecy, military dominance and environmental chaos.

  5. Military and “civilian” ENMOD capabilities are already being tested, and quite likely have already been deployed to affect massive human loss of life and environmental instability.

  6. The U.S. government position vacillates between admissions that limited development of ENMOD technologies has occurred – always in the private sector -- and that ENMOD technologies do not exist at all.

  7. Scientists, soldiers and government officials have lied outright, and many continue to intentionally obfuscate and misinform on climate issues and weather warfare.

  8. The duplicitous and self-interested positions of these skeptics and liars attain the greatest currency through the corporate mass and entertainment media.

  9. There is a trillion dollar industry behind the monied interests, and the propaganda, of fossil fuels, weather warfare, military and climate issues.

  10. The military-industrial complex has no intentions of mitigating climatic mayhem by attending to the obvious policy and technology imperatives.

  11. ENMOD and weather weaponry relies on widespread environmental instability to provide a threshold of “background” chaos to shield its covert ENMOD operations.

  12. Thus we are unable to determine the extent to which changes have occurred, through ENMOD manipulations, or the extent to which they are occurring, or in future will occur.

  13. The United States of America has violated the 1977 Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques, (ENMOD Treaty), of which it is a long-standing signatory member.

  14. The military ENMOD programs and their goals are predicated on widespread devastation, environmental calamity, and loss of life in the so-called “developing” world to the (mistakenly) perceived benefit of powerful monied interests in the West.

  15. Gross environmental instabilities are appearing more frequently, with greater force and violence, virtually everywhere at once, and they receive scattered media and scientific attention, limited reporting, minimal assessment, with little understanding.

  16. Intentional depopulation of various, and large, groups and ethnicities by various other groups and ethnicities is occurring, and will increasingly occur, given the current momentum and direction of American military-corporate power.

  17. The United States of America has violated the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Resolution 260 A (III) of 9 December 1948, to which it is a signatory member.

  18. The United States is responsible for war crimes and genocide in numerous instances.

  19. The United Nations has demonstrated its lack of attention and investigation into climate issues and the violations of international treaties (as above) in service to the powerful corporate interests that dominate and neutralize it.

  20. The United Nations has not served the oversight purposes for which it was ostensibly created, and instead serves the purposes for which it was actually created: to insure the prosperity and military objectives of powerful entrenched interests.

  21. Rich and poor countries alike will increasingly suffer as accelerated processes of environmental change are aggravated by unforeseen feedback mechanisms.

  22. The radical shift to an alternate state or states of climate, most probably undesirable and unmanageable, has become an increasingly likely – if not certain -- event, and it is increasingly likely that such an event will occur sooner rather than later.


Orbital Sciences Corporation

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Since its founding in 1982, Orbital has become a world-recognized leader in conceiving and developing innovative space technologies and pioneering business approaches, leading to the design and production of low-cost small space systems. The Company is structured into five autonomous operating groups that focus on specific market areas and technology capabilities, but that also often work together on projetcs that span two or more of the groups. Orbital has several space-based systems and space-related applications subsidiaries. The organization also features a small corporate staff.

The Advanced Systems Group (ASG) oversees various projects falling outside the scope of OSC's standard launch vehicles and satellite services. These include certain small satellite projects and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV's). The ASG is located at OSC's headquarters in Dulles, Virginia. From here, members of the ASG have access to management and facilities as needed for project completion.

Orbital's Communications and Information Systems Group (CISG) oversees three subsidiary companies: Magellan Corporation, Orbital Communications Corporation (ORBCOMM), and Orbital Imaging Corporation (ORBIMAGE). ORBIMAGE is dedicated to providing low cost, state-of-the-art remote sensing products and services to customers around the world, including very high spatial resolution imagery with camera tasking availability through OrbView.






RAND Lends Support to Study of Cutting-Edge Army Aircraft
RAND is providing support to the Army Science Board (ASB), a federal advisory committee that advises the Army leadership on scientific and technological issues, in the study of cutting-edge Army aircraft and aviation options to facilitate the Army's goal of transforming into a rapidly deployable, lighter and more effective combat force. Read more


NUCLEAR PARANOIA from ww3 report april 2003 1. NORTH KOREAN NUKES: COURTESY OF DONALD RUMSFLED When asked to comment on a Newsweek story documenting Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld's role as a board director of ABB--the Zurich-based energy company that sold two light-water nuclear reactors to North Korea in 2000--Pentagon spokeswoman Victoria Clarke responded: "There was no vote on this issue and Secretary Rumsfeld does not recall [the sale of the reactors] being brought before the board at any time." ABB has declined repeated requests to make board-meeting minutes available, but there is little doubt within ABB that its board members knew about the deal. In fact, ABB CEO Goran Lindahl visited North Korea himself in November 1999 to announce ABB's "wide-ranging, long-term cooperation agreement" with the regime and announced the opening of an ABB office in Pyongyang. Newsweek notes that board meetings attended by Rumsfeld were held before and after Lindahl's visit to Pyongyang. (Newsweek Atlantic Edition, April 14)

The ABB deal was part of the 1994 agreement in which North Korea was to be supplied with nuclear technology "less likely" to have weapons applications in exchange for officially abandoning its weapons program, which violated the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. North Korea announced it was withdrawing from the treaty earlier this year. In an April 10 press release, Greenpeace charges that North Korea used its weapons program as a "bargaining chip" to gain aid and nuclear technology--and that the US administration encourages such tactics by disregarding the UN and international law in Iraq and elsewhere. "If the US doesn't abide by the rules, other states certainly won't," warns Greenpeace. (http://www.greenpeace.org/news/details?item_id=206540 )

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